First Release

Year: LX.
Zagreb, 15 February 2023

ISSN 1334-0557

Situation as on 1 November 2022


According to the provisional data on the number of livestock and poultry in 2022, as compared to the final data for 2021, the number of cattle decreased by 1.4%, the number of pigs by 4.2%, the number of sheep by 6.0% and the number of goats by 4.7%. The total number of poultry decreased by 14.3% in 2022, as compared to 2021.

The reference date for monitoring of the number of livestock and poultry for 2022 has been changed from 1 December to 1 November, which, in relation to 2021, might affect the index change of certain types and categories of livestock and poultry.


'000 head

   1 XII 2021 1 XI 2022 Indices
1 XI 2022
1 XII 2021
Cattle – total 428 422 98,6
Young cattle under 1 year old 156 149 95,5
Cattle between 1 and 2 years old 107 112 104,7
Cattle of 2 years and over 165 161 97,6
Dairy cows 102 79 77,5
Pigs − total 972 931 95,8
Fattening pigs weighing over 50 kg (including culled ones) 431 465 107,9
Breeding pigs 107 87 81,3
Gilts  15 7 46,7
Sows  51 44 86,3
Sheep − total 654 615 94,0
Milk ewes 87 80 92,0
Goats – total 86 82 95,3
Poultry – total 12 096 10 371 85,7


Source and data collection

Data on the number of livestock and poultry were collected separately for business entities and parts thereof and for private family farms. These surveys serve for collecting data on the number and weight of livestock and poultry, balance of pigs, sheep, and poultry, balance of eggs, balance of milk produced on private family farms; production of cows’, sheep’s and goats’ milk, wool and eggs.

Data for business entities are collected in two ways: on reports which are submitted to the Croatian Bureau of Statistics by postal service and via a web application through which the reporting units themselves fill in data.

Data for private family farms are collected by using the CATI method applied to the selected stratified sample. The sample for the Annual Survey on Crop and Animal Production (PO-71 form) has been selected on the basis of the Statistical Register of Agricultural Holdings and numbers approximately 22 000 units.

The expanded data have been compared to the data from previous years and to available administrative sources (the Single Register of Domestic Animals of the Ministry of Agriculture). On the basis of all available data, corrections were implemented as needed.

Data on the number of cattle and goats for 2022 have been taken over from the Single Register of Domestic Animals as an administrative data source.

The methodology for carrying out the livestock survey is based on the Regulation (EC) No. 1165/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics, Commission Regulation (EC) No. 617/2008 of 27 June 2008 laying down detailed rules for implementing Regulation (EC) No. 1234/2007 as regards marketing standards for eggs for hatching and farmyard poultry chicks and the Methodological Basis for Gathering Data on Milk and Dairy Products Statistics (NN, No. 42/13).

Coverage and comparability

Reporting units are business entities and parts thereof, which are defined by section A Agriculture, forestry and fishing according to the National Classification of Activities, 2007 version (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07), as well as other business entities and parts thereof engaged in agricultural production that are classified elsewhere.

Reporting units are also private family farms engaged in the production of livestock and poultry.

Having in mind that this First Release deals with provisional data, it might happen that, at the time when final data of the survey on the number of livestock and poultry are to be published, the data issued here have to be changed.


Aggregate data for which there are reasons for confidentiality (small number of units, the dominance rule or the secondary confidentiality rule), in accordance with the Official Statistics Act (NN, No. 25/20) and the Ordinance on the Statistical Data Protection Method, are treated as confidential and therefore are not published.


Cows are female bovine animals, which have already calved.

Sows are female breeding animals that have farrowed for at least once. This category does not include mated sows.

Gilts are selected young female breeding animals that have not farrowed yet. This category does not include mated gilts.

Poultry includes broilers, hens, turkeys, geese, ducks and other poultry.



CATI Computer assisted telephone interviewing
EC European Community
kg kilogram
NN Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia
'000 thousand


Published by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, Ilica 3, P. O. B. 80
Phone: (+385 1) 48 06 111
Press corner:

Persons responsible:
Edita Omerzo, Director of Business Statistics Directorate
Lidija Brković, Director General

Prepared by:
Mario Valentić and Anita Grlica


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