According to the data of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, a total of 792 persons obtained their degree of doctors of science in 2022. The share of women in that number amounted to 416, that is, 52.5%.
More women than men among doctors of science
Out of the total of 792 doctors of science, 67.6% of them obtained their degree at the University of Zagreb, 11.1% at the University of Osijek, 8.1% (each) at the University of Split and at the University of Rijeka, 4.0% at the University of Zadar, 0.8% at the University North, Koprivnica, 0.2% at the Catholic University of Croatia, Zagreb, and 0.1% at the University of Slavonski Brod.
The highest share of female doctors of science obtained their degree at the University North, Koprivnica, 83.3%, followed by the University of Osijek, 58.0%, the University of Split, 54.7%, the University of Zagreb, 52.7%, the University of Zadar, 46.9%, and the University of Rijeka, 43.8%. There were no female doctors of science at the University of Slavonski Brod.
Biomedicine and health – the most often chosen field of doctoral dissertations
The majority of doctoral dissertations in 2022 were defended in the field of Biomedicine and health (22.8%), followed by the field of Engineering (20.9%), Natural sciences (17.4%), Social sciences (17.0%), Humanities (11.5%) and Biotechnical sciences (8.8%). The smallest number of doctoral dissertations were defended in Interdisciplinary fields of science (1.6%).
There were 7.8% of doctors of science who have already obtained a master’s degree.
The largest number of doctors of science in the 30 to 34 age group
Regarding age, the largest number of all doctors of science was classified in the 30 – 34 age group (35.6%). There were 15.2% of doctors of science in the up-to-29 age group, 17.7% of doctors of science in the 35 – 39 age group, 12.6% in the 40 – 44 age group, 9.7% in the 45 – 49 age group and 9.2% in the 50-and-over age group.
The largest number of doctors of science employed in Education
The largest number of doctors of science were employed in the following activities: 52.4% in Education, 14.9% in Professional, scientific and technical activities, 14.8% in Human health and social welfare, and 5.1% in Public administration and defence; compulsory social security. There were 11.7% of doctors of science employed in other activities, while 1.1% of them were unemployed.
The costs of studies mostly paid by employers
Regarding the costs of postgraduate university studies leading to a doctoral degree, 48.5% of them were paid by employers, 34.6% by doctors of science themselves, the costs for 13.1% of doctors of science were allocated from the State Budget, while the costs of 3.8% of doctors of science belonged to the category Other.
1 DOCTORS OF SCIENCE, BY UNIVERSITIES WHERE THEY OBTAINED DOCTOR’S DEGREE, SCIENTIFIC AND ARTISTIC FIELD OF DOCTORAL DISSERTATION AND SEX, 2022
2 DOCTORS OF SCIENCE, BY SCIENTIFIC AND ARTISTIC FIELD OF DOCTORAL DISSERTATION, AGE GROUPS AND SEX, 2022
3 DOCTORS OF SCIENCE, BY SCIENTIFIC AND ARTISTIC FIELD OF DOCTORAL DISSERTATION AND MASTER’S THESIS, 2022
4 DOCTORS OF SCIENCE, BY ACTIVITY OF EMPLOYMENT, BY WAY OF PAYING FOR POSTGRADUATE DOCTORAL STUDY AND BY SEX, 2022
Sources and methods of data collection
Data are the result of the annual data processing of statistical sheets for doctors of science (ŠV-70 form), which are filled in by doctors of science or doctors of art at obtaining this degree.
Coverage and comparability
The statistical survey covers all schools of higher education in the Republic of Croatia that establish and carry out the postgraduate university study for obtaining a doctoral degree or allow for obtaining a doctoral degree according to the Act on Scientific Activity and Higher Education (NN, Nos 123/03, 198/03, 105/04, 174/04, 02/07, 46/07, 45/09, 63/11, 94/13, 139/13, 101/14, 60/15 and 131/17).
Data are comparable to those from previous years.
Definitions and explanations
Doctor of science is a person who defended a doctoral dissertation.
Institution of higher education is any institution authorised to organise and implement courses of study as well as scientific research, highly professional or artistic work. Institutions of higher education are divided in the following way: university and adjoining faculties and art academies, polytechnic and school of higher education. Institutions of higher education may be public and private.
The postgraduate university study can be enrolled after the completion of a graduate university study.
Postgraduate university study, as a rule, lasts for three years. After fulfilling all conditions and on public defending of a doctoral dissertation, a person obtains an academic degree of the doctor of science (Dr. Sc.) or the doctor of art (Dr. Art) with a reference to the field of study, in line with the Rule Book of Scientific and Artistic Disciplines, Fields and Branches (NN, Nos 118/09, 82/12, 32/13, 34/16 and 56/22).
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