In 2022, the total volume of waste waters amounted to 354 519 thousand m3, which was a negligible decrease of 0.6% compared to 2021.
Out of the total volume of waste waters, 189 504 thousand m3 were from households and economic activities (decrease of 0.7%), while 165 015 thousand m3 were other waste waters (precipitations, etc.).
The volume of waste waters discharged from households decreased by 1.3%, while those from economic activities increased by 0.8% compared to the previous year.
In 2022, the volume of treated waste waters amounted to 297 915 thousand m3, which was 0.4% more than the total volume of treated waste waters in 2021.
The volume of untreated waste waters amounted to 56 604 thousand m3, which was 5.3% less than in the previous year.
The public sewage network in 2022 was 14 179 km long, which was 3.8% more than in 2021.
The total number of waste water treatment plants was 186 in 2022. The number of secondary and tertiary treatment plants increased, while the number of primary treatment plants decreased, by 10.8%.
More detailed data will be available in the database on 21 July 2023.
1 SOURCE, TREATMENT AND DISCHARGE OF WASTE WATERS, 2021 AND 2022
2 PUBLIC SEWAGE NETWORK AND WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANTS, 2021 AND 2022
Sources and methods of data collection
The data on the public sewage system are collected by using the annual statistical survey entitled the Annual Survey on Public Sewage System (VOD-2K form) on the basis of the Official Statistics Act (NN, No. 25/20).
Reporting units are public suppliers of public sewage system services. According to the Water Act (NN, No. 47/23), the public supplier of sewage system services is a company in which all shares or equity shares are held by local self-government units or companies in which all shares or equity shares are held directly by local self-government units, that is, an institution founded by a local self-government unit.
The report is filled in by legal entities and parts thereof that are registered, according to the NKD 2007 (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07), in section E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities, class 37.00 Sewerage.
Coverage and comparability
The source for the address list is the Statistical Business Register.
The survey provides basic data on waste waters, their treatment and discharge as well as on the public sewerage network and waste water treatment plants.
Public sewerage means the activity of collection of waste waters, their transport to a waste water treatment plant, treatment and direct or indirect discharge into surface waters, treatment of sludge generated in the process of waste water treatment, if the above is conducted through public sewerage facilities, and management of these facilities; public sewerage also includes pumping and transport of waste water from sump pits.
Waste waters are all potentially polluted industrial, sanitary, rainwater and other waters.
Treated waste waters comprise all amounts of waste waters treated by using either primary (mechanical), secondary (biological) or tertiary (combined) treatment method.
The primary treatment includes the application of physical and/or chemical processes by which at least 50% of suspended solids are removed from the waste water, while the BOD5 value decreases by as much as 20%, as compared to the BOD5 value of influent waters.
The secondary treatment includes the application of biological and/or other treatment processes by which the concentration of suspended solids and BOD5 decreases by 70% to 90% and the concentration of COD by at least 75%.
The tertiary treatment includes the application of physical and chemical, biological and other treatment processes by which the concentration of nutritious matters of influent in waste waters decreases by as much as 80%, or other pollutants, which could not be removed to that extent in the secondary treatment, are now removed as well.
Discharged waste waters consist of discharges of treated and untreated waters. The waters can be discharged into ground waters, waterflows, reservoirs, lakes and the sea.
Public sewage network is a network of enclosed public drains and sewers used either for draining of both waste and atmospheric waters together (general water sewage system), or for separate draining of waste and atmospheric waters (separation water sewage system).
Total length of the public sewage network is the length of the sewerage network of enclosed public drains and pipes for wastewater and atmospheric waters from settlements, without connections and networks within buildings.
Waste water treatment plants are devices for the treatment of waste water. They are divided to devices for the primary, secondary and tertiary treatment.
|BPK5||biochemical oxygen demand|
|COD||chemical oxygen demand|
|NKD 2007||National Classification of Activities, 2007 version|
|NN||Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia|
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