The monetary environmental accounts relating to the areas of environmental protection and resource management activities are presented here. They consist of the following two types of accounts: environmental protection expenditure accounts (EPEA) and environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) accounts.
Environmental protection expenditure accounts (EPEA) include investments and current expenditures in the environmental protection activity.
The total investments in environmental protection in 2021 amounted to 4 086 million kuna, which was an increase of 38.7% compared to 2020.
The total current expenditures on environmental protection in 2021 amounted to 5 159 million kuna, which was an increase of 9.7% compared to 2020.
Environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) accounts include output, gross value added and the number of persons employed in the activities related to environmental protection and resource management.
The total output of the activities related to environmental protection and resource management in 2021 amounted to 15 346 million kuna.
In 2021, the gross value added was 6 462 million kuna.
Persons employed in environmental protection and resource management activities are reported in the full-time equivalent (FTE), which amounted to
41 674 in 2021.
Final data will be available in the database on 21 April 2023.
The data for 2021 relating to output, gross value added and persons employed (FTE) are not comparable with previous years.
INVESTMENTS AND CURRENT EXPENDITURES IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION-RELATED ACTIVITIES, 2018 − 2021
OUTPUT, GROSS VALUE ADDED AND PERSONS EMPLOYED IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES, 2018 – 2021
1) The data for 2021 relating to output, gross value added and persons employed (FTE) are not comparable with previous years.
Data on monetary environmental accounts are based on the data from the survey Investments in Environmental Protection and Expenditures on Goods and Services in Environment in 2021 (IDU-OK form), which was conducted by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics on the basis of the Official Statistics Act (NN, No. 25/20) and on the basis of the EPEA and EGSS modules from the Regulation (EU) No. 691/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2011 on European environmental economic accounts and Regulation (EU) No. 538/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No. 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts (27 May 2014). The methodology used in calculation is also aligned with the European System of National Accounts (ESA 2010).
Investments refer to the total realised investments in assets, methods, practices, technologies, processes and equipment for environmental protection. Realised investments are also construction works and asset acquisitions done during the reporting year, regardless of whether they were completed and paid for or not.
Environmental protection expenditure is the money spent on all purposeful activities directly aimed at the prevention, reduction and elimination of pollution or any other degradation of the environment. It includes current expenditure on goods and services.
Output consists of those produced goods or services that become available for use outside the producer unit, any goods and services produced for own final use and goods that remain in the inventories at the end of the period in which they are produced. The EGSS output also includes ancillary output and non-market output.
Gross value added (GVA) provides a value for the amount of goods and services that have been produced, less the cost of all inputs and raw materials that are directly attributable to that production.
The full-time equivalent (FTE) is the number of full-time equivalent jobs, defined as total hours worked divided by average annual hours worked in full-time jobs (according to ESA 2010). According to the Regulation (EU) No. 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts (27 May 2014), the number of persons employed is to be reported in full-time equivalents (FTEs) in environmental accounts.
Environmental protection domains
Data on environmental accounts are collected for different environmental domains as defined by the Single European Statistical Classification of Environmental Protection Activities (CEPA 2000), adopted at the Conference of the European Statisticians in June 1994 and revised in 2000, which is available here.
Environmental protection domains are divided into protection of air and climate, waste water management, protection and remediation of soil, groundwater and surface water, noise and vibration abatement, protection of biodiversity and landscape, protection against radiation, research and development and other environmental protection activities.
Environmental goods and services sector is engaged in management of water, forest resources, wild flora and fauna, energy resources, minerals, research and development of resources and other environmental resources.
This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.
|NKD 2007.||National Classification of Activities, 2007 version|
|NN||Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia|
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