According to provisional data on livestock production, in 2020, as compared to the 2019 final data, the increase of cattle was 1.2% higher and the increase of sheep 20.7% higher, while the increase of goats was 43.4% higher. The increase of pigs was 10.6% lower and the increase of poultry 6.6% lower.
Further decrease in the production of cows’ milk
As compared to the same period of the previous year, the production of cows' milk decreased by 5.0%, thus continuing a downward trend in the production of cows’ milk since 2012. The production of sheep’s milk decreased by 2.2%, while the production of goats’ milk increased by 5.1%.
The production of chicken eggs increased by 11.0%, while the production of wool decreased by 10.4%.
1 LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION, 2020
Sources and methods of data collection
Data on the number of livestock and poultry as well as on the livestock production are collected separately for legal entities and parts thereof and for private family farms.
Data collected on these farms include data on the number and weight of livestock and poultry, balance of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and poultry, balance of eggs, balance of milk on private family farms, milk production (cows’, sheep’s and goats’), wool and eggs.
Data for business entities are collected in two ways: on reports that are submitted to the Croatian Bureau of Statistics by postal service and via a web application filled in by reporting units themselves.
Data for private family farms are collected by using the CATI (Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing) method applied to a selected stratified sample. The new sample has been selected on the basis of the Statistical Register of Agricultural Holdings and numbers approximately 7 000 units.
The expanded data have been compared to the data from previous years and to available administrative sources. On the basis of all available data, corrections were implemented as was needed.
Data on export and import of livestock are taken over from the External Trade in Goods Statistics Department.
The methodology for carrying out the livestock survey is based on the Regulation (EC) No. 1165/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics, the Commission Regulation (EC) No. 617/2008 of 27 June 2008 laying down detailed rules for implementing the Regulation (EC) No. 1234/2007 as regarding marketing standards for eggs for hatching and farmyard poultry chicks and on the Methodological Basis for Gathering Data on Milk and Dairy Products Statistics (NN, No. 42/13).
Coverage and comparability
Reporting units are business entities and parts thereof defined by section A Agriculture, forestry and fishing according to the National Classification of Activities, 2007 version (NN, Nos 58/07 and 72/07) as well as other business entities and parts thereof engaged in agricultural production but are classified elsewhere.
Reporting units are also private family farms engaged in the production of livestock and poultry. The sample of the Annual Report on Livestock Production of 1 December 2020 was selected from the Statistical Register of Agricultural Holdings.
Aggregate data for which there are reasons for confidentiality (small number of units, the dominance rule or the secondary confidentiality rule), in accordance with the Official Statistics Act (NN, No. 25/20) and the Ordinance on the Statistical Data Protection Method, are treated as confidential and therefore are not published.
Increase of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and poultry is calculated by adding the difference in the weight of export and import to the weight of the slaughtered livestock and the difference of the weight of the herd at the end and at the beginning of a reference period.
Milk. The production of cows’, sheep’s and goats’ milk in legal entities as well as on private family farms is presented. The total milked quantity in a reference period is presented, irrespective of the way of milking.
Trimmed wool. The quantities of trimmed (clipped) wool from the grown up and young sheep (matted wool and cropped wool) are reported as the raw wool.
Production of eggs. Data for the total number of laid eggs by all categories of hens (eggs for setting and eggs for human consumption) are reported.
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