In 2020, there were 134 radio stations in operation that delivered statistical reports. There were four stations that broadcasted throughout the whole territory of the Republic of Croatia. Other stations were either regional or local ones.
The total broadcast of own programme was 1 005 381 hours. Considering the number of stations, the biggest number of hours was emitted from national stations.
The average share of news and information programme in own programme of all radio stations was 14.8%, out of which the programme in the state-owned radio stations reached 17.9%, in regional ones 14.4% and in local ones 14.6%.
The share of music programme was 66.8% and the share of advertising spots in all radio stations was 4.8%.
The production of programme is mostly station’s own, with the share of 93.8% of own production in the entire production.
The share of women in the total number of persons in employment was 44.8%.
1.1 RADIO STATIONS, BY BROADCASTING AREA AND OWN RADIO PROGRAMME, BY TYPE OF PROGRAMME, 2020
1) Presenting programmes of in-house broadcasted radio programme, including programmes of own production and co-production with other radio stations.
1.2 RADIO STATIONS, TRANSMITTERS AND PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT, RADIO PROGRAMME PRODUCTION EXPRESSED IN HOURS, BY COUNTIES, 2020
1) See Notes on Methodology
In 2020, data on 26 TV broadcasters were presented.
The total number of in-house broadcasted hours of programme (without satellite transmissions) was 212 524.
The share of information and documentary programmes of all TV broadcasters was 24.4%, out of which TV broadcasters that cover the whole territory of the Republic of Croatia (hereinafter referred to as state TV broadcasters) participated with 21.7%, regional TV broadcasters with 24.0% and local ones with 32.8%. The share of commercial programme and non-programme contents of all TV broadcasters was 21.5%.
The share of women in the total number of persons in employment was 43.3%.
2.1 TV BROADCASTERS, BY BROADCASTING AREA AND IN-HOUSE BROADCASTED TV PROGRAMME, BY TYPE OF PROGRAMME EXPRESSED IN HOURS, 2020
2.2 TV BROADCASTERS, BY BROADCASTING AREA, BROADCASTING AND DURATION OF PROGRAMMES EXPRESSED IN HOURS, 2020
2.3 PERSONS IN EMPLOYMENT, TRANSMISSION OF TV PROGRAMME EXPRESSED IN HOURS, 2020
1) See Notes on Methodology
Sources and methods of data collection
Data published in this First Release are the result of annual processing of statistical data that are collected through the Annual Report on Radio Broadcast (RADIO-1 form) and the Annual Report on Television Broadcast (TV-1 form).
Coverage and comparability
Surveys cover radio stations and TV broadcasters that have a licence for the operation on the territory of the Republic of Croatia. Data are comparable to those from previous years, except for those on persons in employment. Since the data are used solely for statistical purposes, they are not published individually – by name of the institution, which makes them confidential.
The Republic of Croatia is divided into nine digital coverage areas (called D1 – D9), which consist of two or more counties or parts thereof. In addition, there are also six smaller urban areas (D41, D51, D52, D71, D72 and D81).
Analogue transmitters in all digital coverage areas that transmitted programmes of national TV broadcasters have been turned off, that is, the process of transition to digital transmission ended on 5 October 2010.
Definitions and explanations
Radio stations and TV broadcasters are institutions that broadcast programme for the public via radio and TV transmitters and TV converters.
According to the territorial coverage, radio stations and TV broadcasters can cover the whole country, that is, the programme can be received on the whole territory of the Republic of Croatia, in a particular region or in a particular narrow area.
According to status, radio stations and TV broadcasters can be public, non-profit and independent, while television channels can be public and independent.
In-house broadcasted radio programme includes programmes made either in own production or in co-production with other radio stations or those produced by other radio stations.
The origin of the in-house broadcasted programme can be own production, production of other domestic producers and foreign production. Satellite programme is an in-house broadcasted programme.
Effective radiated power is a parameter that defines the power of the radio station and television. It indirectly includes their transmission area, which, apart from the power, also depends on the altitude of the antenna system and the relief.
Persons in employment presented in tables 1.2. and 2.3. also include staff working for both Hrvatski radio and Hrvatska televizija due to the fact that Hrvatska radiotelevizija is, according to its Statute (NN, No. 14/13), organised as a single institution.
Data by counties are presented on the basis of the Act on Territories of Counties, Towns and Municipalities in the Republic of Croatia (NN, No. 86/06) with the situation as on 31 December 2020.
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